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General Sun Safety Tips

  • Renew your stock of sunscreen. Using old or out-of-date sunscreen will offer you less protection. If you notice any change in the colour, consistency or smell of sunscreen, you should throw it out.

  • Sunscreen lotion and lip balm are essential items to have. You should use a lotion and lip balm with a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of at least 15. For those who are going to spend a lot of time outdoors, a lotion with an SPF 30 is recommended.

  • Apply sunscreen at least 20 minutes before going out in the sun. Reapply frequently at least every two hours, especially after strenuous activities. To be effective, it has to be applied correctly. If you are outdoors a lot in the summer, you may need to replenish your supply frequently.

  • Limit sun exposure between 11 am and 4 pm. That's the period of the day when the sun's rays are strongest.

  • Wear proper clothing such as wide-brimmed hats and sunglasses to give you extra protection. When choosing sunglasses, look for general purpose or special purpose varieties that block out more of the UV rays. General purpose sunglasses block from 60 per cent to 92 per cent of visible light and UV rays. They are also good for driving and for use when sunlight is harsh enough to make people squint. While special purpose sunglasses block more visible light and UV rays and are good for prolonged sun exposure, they should not be worn for driving.

  • Have a sun safety kit ready to go. Pack hats, clothing, sunglasses and sunscreen in a carry bag and have it near the door so you won't forget it.