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What should I do if I have Bed Bugs in my home?

The best way to deal with bed bugs is an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) system, which uses a variety of techniques and products that don’t pose a risk to your health or the environment.

  • Consult with the local Health Unit or professional pest control company to confirm whether you do have bed bugs.

  • Inspect your mattress and bed frame, particularly the folds, crevices and underside where bed bugs hide.

  • Use a nozzle attachment on the vacuum to capture the bugs and their eggs. Vacuum all crevices on the mattress, bed frame, baseboards and any objects close to the bed. It’s important to vacuum every day and change the vacuum bag each time.

  • Wash all the sheets and blankets in the hottest water possible and dry them in a hot dryer for 20 minutes. Consider covering the pillows and mattress with a plastic cover.

  • Use caulking to seal all cracks and crevices between baseboards, on wood bed frames, floors and walls. Repair or remove peeling wallpaper, tighten loose light switch covers, and seal any openings where pipes, wires or other utilities come into the home (pay special attention to walls that are shared between apartments).

  • Set out glue boards or sticky tape (carpet tape) to catch bed bugs. Examine closely any items you bring into the home.

  • Check with a professional pest control service to look at options that don’t pose a risk to humans and the environment. If you choose to treat the infestation with an insecticide, call a pest control service for more information. Use the least toxic product available and follow the manufacturers’ instructions. Whether you use an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) system or an insecticide, you may continue to see living bed bugs for up to 10 days. This is normal. If you continue to see a large number of bugs after two weeks, contact a professional pest control service.