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Rabies Exposure

People can get rabies infection when they are exposed to a rabid animal. "Exposure" means contact with the saliva of a suspected rabid animal. There are two broad categories of exposure that warrant post-exposure treatment:

Bite Exposure

• Any penetration of the skin by teeth constitutes a bite exposure. All bites represent a potential risk of rabies transmission. Risk varies with the species of the biting animal, the site of the bite, and the severity of the wound.

Non-Bite Exposure:

• A non-bite exposure is the result of the contamination of open wounds, abrasions, mucous membranes or scratches with infectious materials from a rabid animal.

No Exposure

• Petting a rabid animal, or contact with the blood, urine or feces of a rabid animal is not considered exposure and does not require post-exposure treatment.

• Contact with someone who is receiving rabies vaccine is not considered exposure and does not require post-exposure treatment.

Rabies/Animal Investigation Form

Hospital Animal Exposure Reporting Form