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How Rabies is Transmitted and Spread

Rabies is transmitted through saliva, primarily through bite wounds. It can also be spread when infected saliva comes into contact with a scratch, open wound or the mucous membranes of the mouth, nasal cavity or eyes.

When the virus enters an animal's body, it moves through the nerves to the brain where it multiplies quickly. The virus then proceeds to the salivary glands and other peripheral parts of the animal's body.

The incubation period (from initial exposure to clinical symptoms) may range from two weeks to many months. It can depend on a number of factors, including the strain of rabies and the location of the bite. It is important to note that an animal can transmit the disease a few days before showing any clinic signs.