This Version Posted: November 4, 2020

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common type of sexually transmitted infection in Canada. Approximately 80 per cent of Canadians will get HPV at least once in their lives, with people younger than 25 years of age having the most infections.

HPV is spread through various kinds of sexual activity (vaginal, anal, or oral). It can also be spread by skin-to-skin contact with an infected partner. Most HPV infections have no signs or symptoms.

HPV causes:

  • 90 per cent of all genital warts
  • 70 per cent of all cancers of the cervix
  • other cancers of the vagina, and vulva

HPV vaccination is 98 per cent effective in stopping the four types of HPV infection that can cause:

  • precancerous changes and cancers of the cervix, vulva and vagina
  • genital and anal warts
Protect Yourself!

The Health Unit can provide HPV immunization to eligible individuals, including all boys and girls in Grade 7. To see if you or your child can receive the HPV vaccine, call the Health Unit toll-free at 1-866-888-4577, ext. 1507. – Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada

Getting the HPV vaccine – Ministry of Health